If you have a body mass index of 30 or higher (obesity) or diabetes, you may be at greater risk of developing complications such as blood clots in your legs or lungs. Smoking also increases the chances of complications and interferes with healing. Hematoma is a risk in almost all surgeries and may require additional operations to drain the blood if the blood pool is large or grows rapidly. Uncontrolled blood loss can cause a drop in blood pressure with potentially fatal results.
Infection is one of the most common complications of plastic surgery. Skin infection (cellulitis) may occur after surgery, and in some cases infections can be internal and severe, requiring intravenous (IV) antibiotics. Nerve damage is also a potential risk in many different types of surgical procedures, and numbness and tingling are common after plastic surgery and may be signs of nerve damage. In some cases, nerve damage can be permanent. Hypertrophic scarring is an abnormally raised scar that is red and thick, and along with soft and hard keloid scars, it occurs in 1.0 to 3.7 percent of abdominoplasty procedures.
General anesthesia can sometimes cause complications such as lung infections, strokes, heart attacks, and death. Becoming aware of anesthesia or waking up during surgery is very rare but possible. Cosmetic surgery can be more difficult than standard surgeries if the patient doesn't tolerate the procedure well. If there's a problem and the patient isn't emotionally stable or financially secure, the results can be disastrous.
Beware of plastic surgery offers that are too good to be true. Some people travel out of the country to get plastic surgery at cheaper prices, but this may increase some of the risk. Taking a long flight soon after surgery may increase the risk of blood clots.
The main risk you run when undergoing a plastic surgery procedure is medical complications that may arise later. Whether elective or necessary, plastic surgery is an art form that depends entirely on trust and the strength of communication with the surgeon. Before plastic surgery, your doctor may ask you to stop smoking, stop taking certain medications, or change your eating schedule directly before surgery.
Plastic surgery is different from cosmetic surgery which is done solely to change a person's appearance to achieve what they consider to be a more desirable aspect. Answer honestly about previous surgeries, health problems, and medications or supplements you take so that the surgeon has more information about any possible complications.
Talk to your plastic surgeon about realistic expectations for your procedure and any limitations you see for yourself. Restoring damage caused by a car accident requires an experienced surgeon who understands how to work with scar tissue.