The goal of cosmetic surgery is to improve a person's appearance, self-esteem, and self-confidence. It can be performed anywhere on the face and body, and it has been proven to have a positive effect on people's lives. Does plastic surgery make patients feel better? Studies have shown that people report greater satisfaction with the part of the body where they had surgery, and that it can lead to an increase in self-esteem, quality of life, self-confidence and long-term interpersonal relationships. For example, women who underwent a reduction mammoplasty reported improved functioning in domains such as “self-esteem”, “self-esteem”, distress and shyness, and “quality of life”.
However, many of these studies have methodological limitations, such as small sample sizes and a potentially biased determination. It could be said that patients who agree to participate in such research and commit to conducting interviews before and after the intervention represent a biased group, but none of the studies estimated the extent of this possible bias. In addition, clinical interviews may be subject to bias on the part of both the respondent and the interviewer, and very few studies employed people who were “blindly qualified”. Of particular concern is that not all studies used valid assessment tools, making it difficult to interpret the results.
Furthermore, most studies evaluated very specific procedures and it is not clear how generalizable their results are to other types of cosmetic intervention. Delinsky (1) found that media exposure and indirect experience predicted a greater likelihood of undergoing cosmetic surgery. This indicates that people are increasingly concerned about their physical appearance and are looking for cosmetic improvements. It can also facilitate exercise and, as with other forms of cosmetic surgery, it can improve confidence and mental health.
Most studies indicate that, in general, people are satisfied with the outcome of cosmetic procedures, but few rigorous evaluations have been conducted. It is also useful to review previous cosmetic interventions, including the number of previous procedures and their cosmetic and psychosocial outcome as perceived by the patient, as well as their family and friends. Psychologists can also find clinical functions to help cosmetic surgery patients, such as helping plastic surgeons perform such evaluations. In addition, such procedures are performed by a variety of different professionals, including aesthetic doctors, dermatologists and plastic surgeons.
The number of cosmetic procedures increased 44 percent between 2003 and 2004 according to the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. Patients should be informed about the likely cosmetic outcome and should be fully informed of possible side effects and complications. First of all, the person's attitude to the cosmetic problem and the distress and disability associated with it should be evaluated). Crockett et al. (20) showed that reality television about cosmetic surgery plays an important role in patients' perceptions of cosmetic surgery and in decision-making. Rhinoplasty (more commonly known as nose surgery) is a form of cosmetic surgery that repairs and reshapes the nose, which can lead to better sleep, reduce snoring and reduce problems related to sleep apnea. Most people are motivated to undergo cosmetic surgery because of dissatisfaction with body image, says Susan Thorpe, professor of psychology at the University of Surrey in Guildford, Surrey, who conducts research on cosmetic surgery.